Fallout from Prop. 209
Passed by referendum in 1996, Proposition 209 barred the state of California -- including its public colleges and universities -- from giving preferential treatment on the basis of race. The 1998 freshman class was the first within the University of California system to feel the effects of the ban.
While minority admissions as a whole have risen sharply, the number of African-American students admitted has plummeted -- particularly at the UC system's two flagship schools, UCLA and Berkeley.